Papers published by TRUST members:


Gabbe BJ, Harrison JE, Lyons RA, Edwards ER, Cameron PA. Comparison of measures of comorbidity for predicting disability 12 months post injury. BMC Health Services Research. 2013; 13:30

  1. Rapport F, Storey M, Porter, A, Snooks HA, Jones K, Peconi J, Sanchez A, et al. Qualitative research within trials: developing a Standard Operating Procedure for a clinical trials unit. Trials published online 2013 Feb 21;14:54. doi: 10.1186/1745-6215-14-54.
  2. Evans BA, Snooks HA, Howson H,  Davies M. How hard can it be to include research evidence and evaluation in local health policy implementation? Results from a mixed methods study. Implementation Science.2013, 8:17. DOI: 10.1186/1748-5908-8-17
  3. Battle CE, Hutchings H, Evans A.  Blunt Chest Wall Trauma – A Review Commissioned Paper for publication in Trauma 2013; DOI: 10.1177/1460408613488480 (online first published 8 May 2013)
  4. Sleney S, Christie N, Earthy S, Lyons RA, Kendrick D, Towner E. Improving recovery -  learning from patients’ experiences after injury: a qualitative study. Injury 2013 Jan 21. pii: S0020-1383(13)00007-7. doi: 10.1016/j.injury.2012.12.025. [Epub ahead of print]
  5. Battle CE, Lovett S, Hutchings H.  Chronic pain in survivors of critical illness: a retrospective analysis of incidence and risk factors.  Critical Care 2013, 17:R101 doi:10.1186/cc12746
  6. New Models of Emergency Prehospital Care That Avoid Unnecessary Conveyance to Emergency Department: Translation of Research Evidence into Practice?
  7. Standard Operating Procedure for Service User Inclusion Angela Evans,  Rebecca Anthony, Sarah Gaze, Hayley Hutchings, Kathy Malinovsky, Ian Russell, Anne Seagrove, Stefan Siebert, Marie Thomas
  8. Whitfield R, Evans S, Snooks H.A, Morrison-Rees S, Huxley P, John A, Baker C, Engamba S, Rees N.  Development of a pre-hospital mental health model-of-care for application and testing in the Support and Assessment for Emergency Referral (SAFER4) trial



Snooks H, Hutchings H, Russell I, Stewart-Brown S, Williams J, Seagrove A.  Bureaucracy stifles medical research in Britain: a tale of three trials. BMC    Medical Research Methodology 2012, 12:122 doi:10.1186/1471-2288-12-122

  1. Snooks HA, Morrison-Rees et al. Chronic Conditions Management Policy in Wales 2008- 2012: National Evaluation and Related Research. Final Report December 2012.
  2. Lyons RA, Hutchings H, Rodgers SE, Hyatt MA, Demmler J, Gabbe BJ et al. Development and use of a privacy-protecting total population record linkage system to support observational, interventional and policy relevant research: the Secure Anonymised Information Linkage (SAIL) system. The Lancet. Published online November 23 2012.
  3. Battle CE, Hutchings H, James K, Evans PA.  The risk factors for the development of complications during the recovery phase following blunt chest wall trauma: A retrospective study.  Injury .  Injury 2012; (online first published 11 June 2012)
  4. Snooks H. A, Anthony R, Chatters R, Cheung W. Y, Dale J , Donohoe R, Gaze S, Halter M, Koniotou M, Logan P, Lyons R, Mason S, Nicholl J, Phillips C, Phillips J, Russell I, Siriwardena A.N, Wani M, Watkins A, Whitfield R, Wilson L . Support and  assessment for fall emergency referrals (SAFER 2) research protocol: cluster randomised trial of the clinical and cost effectiveness of new protocols for emergency ambulance paramedics to assess and refer to appropriate community-based care BMJ Open 2012;2:002169.doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2012-002169
  5. Bischoff-Ferrari HA, Willett WC, Oray EJ, Lips P, Meunier PJ, Lyons RA, Flicker L, Wark J, Jackson RD, Cauley JA, Meyer HE, Pfeifer M, Sanders KM, Stähelin HB, Theiler R, Dawson-Hughes B. A Pooled Analysis of Vitamin D Dose Requirements for Fracture Prevention. NEJM (accepted 05/04/12)
  6. Roberts SE, Button LA, Hopkin JM, Goldacre MJ, Lyons RA, Rodgers SE, Akbari A, Lewis KE.   Influence of social deprivation and air pollutants on serious asthma (accepted Eur Resp J 11/03/12)
  7. Haagsma JA, Polinder S, Lyons RA, Lund J, Ditsuwan V, Prinsloo M, Veerman JL, van Beeck EF. Improved and standardized methods to assess disability adjusted life years after injury (accepted Bull World Health Organ 01/02/12)
  8. Economou A, Grey M, McGregor J, Craddock N, Lyons RA, Owen M, Price V, Thompson S, Walters J, Lloyd K. The Health Informatics Cohort Enhancement Project (HICE): using routinely collected primary care data to identify people with a lifetime diagnosis of psychotic disorder. BMC Research Notes 2012; 5:95 doi:10.1186/1756-0500-5-95 (published online 14/02/12)
  9. Kendrick D, Vinogradova Y, Coupland C, Christie N , Lyons RA, Towner EL, on behalf of the UK Burden of Injuries Study Group. Making a successful return to work: the UK Burden of Injury multicentre longitudinal study. BJGP 2012; (62) 595; e82-90
  10. Cameron CM, Scuffham PA, Spinks A, Scott R, Sipe N, Ng S, Wilson A, Searle J, Lyons RA, Kendall E, Halford K, Griffiths LR, Homel R, McClure RJ. Environments for Healthy Living (EFHL) Griffith birth cohort study: background and methods, Maternal and Child Health (published online 07/02/12).


  1. Darnell G, Mason S, Snooks H Elderly falls: a national survey of UK ambulance services Emerg Med J doi:10.1136/emermed-2011-200419
  2. Lyons RA, Kendrick D, Towner EM, Coupland C, Hayes M, Christie N, Kimberlee R, Jones S, Gabbe BJ, Lyons RA, Sutherland AM, Hart MJ, Cameron PA. Level of agreement between patient and proxy responses to the EQ-5D health questionnaire 12-months following injury. Journal of Trauma (accepted 8/11/11).
  3. Lyons RA, Kendrick  D, Towner EM, Christie N, Macey S, Coupland C, Gabbe B. Measuring the population burden of injuries: implications for global and national estimates. A multi-centre prospective longitudinal study. PLoS Medicine
  4. Gabbe BJ, Harrison JE, Lyons RA, Jolley D (2011) Modelling Long Term Disability following Injury: Comparison of Three Approaches for HandlingMultiple Injuries. PLoS ONE 6(9): e25862. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0025862 PLoS ONE 6, 258620 (2011)
  5. Polinder S, Haagsma JA, Lyons RA, Gabbe BJ, Ameratunga S, Cryer C, Derrett S, Harrison JE, Segui-Gomez M, van Beeck EF. Measuring the population burden of fatal and non-fatal injury. Measuring the population burden of fatal and non-fatal injury. Epi Rev 2011 (accepted 18/08/11).
  6. Battle, C., Hutchings, H. A., Evans, A. (2011).  Risk factors that predict mortality in patients    with blunt chest trauma. A systematic review and meta-analysis. Injury: in press, doi:10.1016/j.injury.2011.01.004
  7. Black JA, Herbison PG, Lyons RA, Polinder S, Derrett S. Recovery after injury: An individual patient data meta-analysis of general health status using the EQ-5D. Journal of Trauma (accepted 09/05/11).
  8. Button, L. A. , Roberts, S. E., Evans, P. A., Goldacre, M. J., Akbari, A., Dsilva, R., Macey, S., Williams, J. G.  (2011).  Hospitalized incidence and case fatality for upper gastrointestinal bleeding from 1999 to 2007: a record linkage study. Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics, 33 (1): 64–76.  
  9. Christie N, Kimberlee R, Towner E, Rodgers S, Ward H, Sleney J, Lyons R. Opportunities and barriers for cycling amongst children aged 9-14 living in deprived areas in England Journal of Transport Geography. Volume 19, issue 4, July 2011, pages 943-949
  10. Gabbe BJ, Lyons RA, Lecky FE, Bouamra O, Woodford M, Coats TJ, Cameron PA. (2011) Comparison of mortality following hospitalisation for isolated head injury in England and Wales, and Victoria, Australia. PLoS One, Vol 6, Issue 5.
  11. Halter, M., Close, J., Snooks, H., Vernon, S., Porter, A., Porsz, S. & Moore, F. Complexity of the decision making process of ambulance staff for assessment and referral of older people who have fallen: a qualitative study.  Emergency Medicine Journal (EMJ). Emerg Med J 2011;28:44-50 doi:10.1136/emj.2009.079566
  12. Hutchings, H. A., Wareham, K., Baxter, J. N., Atherton, P. Kingham, J. G. C., Duane, P. et al., A Randomised, Cross-Over, Placebo-Controlled Study of Aloe Vera in Patients with Irritable Bowel Syndrome: Effects on Patient Quality of Life.  Gastroenterology Volume 2011.  ISRN Gastroenterology
  13. Volume 2011 (2011), Article ID 206103, 8 pages. doi:10.5402/2011/206103
  14. Lowe, R., Porter, A., Snooks, H., Button, L., Evans, A.  (2011).  The association between illness representation profiles and use of urgent and emergency health-care services.  British Journal of health Psychology, in press.
  15. Snooks H, Evans A, Cohen D, Nugent M, Rapport F, Skone J, Meredith A, Davies T, O'Sullivan. Costs and effects of a 'healthy living' approach to community development in two deprived communities: findings from a mixed methods study. BMC Public Health 2011, 11:25 doi:10.1186/1471-2458-11-25
  16. Turner S, Arthur G, Lyons RA, Weightman AL, Mann MK, Jones SJ, John A, Lannon S. Modification of the home environment for the reduction of injuries. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2011, Issue 2. Art. No.: CD003600. DOI: 10.1002/14651858. CD003600.pub3
  17. Support and Assessment for Fall Emergency Referrals: Evaluation of the costs and benefits of computerised on-scene decision support for emergency ambulance personnel to assess and plan appropriate care for older people who have fallen SAFER 1 report


  1. Gabbe BJ, Lyons RA. X59: redistribution using linked data and the impact on YLL calculations. Inj Prev 2010:16(Suppl1):A47.T
  2. Turner S, Lyons RA, Rodgers SE, Hall R. Developing new risk models to target the fire and rescue service’s free home safety checks more effectively. Inj Prev 2010:16(Suppl1):A63.
  3. Turner S, Brussoni M, Groom L, Macey S, Mulvaney C, Rodgers SE, Sleney J, Smith S, Steward J, Vinogradova Y. The Advocacy in Action Study (AIAS): a randomised controlled trial of an advocacy package directed at elected councillors to improve pedestrian safety in high risk deprived neighbourhoods. Inj Prev 2010:16(Suppl1):A76.
  4. Stone  D, Lyons RA, Turner S, Quigg Z, Barron S, Bellis MA, Brown P, Fischbasher C, Hughes K, Kirkwood G, Lumsden E, Pollock A, Shepherd J, Slater W, Towner E. Verne J. Creation and early development of an injury observatory for Britain and Ireland. Inj Prev 2010:16(Suppl1):A103.
  5. Haagsma J, Belt E, Polinder S, Lund J, Atkinson M, Macey S, Lyons RA, van Beeck EF. INTEGRIS WP5 Injury disability indicators: towards a standardised methodology for measuring the burden of disability due to injury. Inj Prev 2010:16(Suppl1):A139.
  6. Bauer R, Furian G, Laursen B, Lyons RA, van Beeck E. INTEGRIS Integration of European Injury Statistics: first results. Inj Prev 2010:16(Suppl1):A157.
  7. Macey S, Lyons RA, Phillips C, Brophy S. Comparison of different models to assess the medical costs of injury. Inj Prev 2010:16(Suppl1):A165.
  8. Lyons RA, Kendrick D, Towner EL, Christie N, Phillips CJ,  Coupland C, Hayes M, Macey S, Brophy S, Carter B, Groom L, Mulvaney C, Sleney J, Smith S, Stewart J, Evans PA, Pallister I, Coffey F. The UK Burden of Injuries Study. Inj Prev 2010:16(Suppl1):A242.
  9. Woollard, M., O’Meara, P., Munro, G. (2010). What price 90 seconds: is ‘Call Connect’ a disservice to 999 callers? (Commentary). Emergency Medicine Journal, 27(10):729-30
  10. Woollard, M. (2010). Fighting the fire: a response to the Chief Fire Officers’ proposal to run England’s Ambulance Service. Journal of Paramedic Practice, 2(10):450-454
  11. Ward, H., Lyons, R., Gabbe, B., Thoreau, R., Pinder, L. & Macey, S. (2010).  Review of police road casualty injury severity classification: a feasibility study (Road safety publication No. 119). London: Department for Transport.
  12. Snooks, HA (co-author).  EMS Research (chapter 8).  In J, E, Tintinalli, P., Cameron., & J, Holliman (Eds).  EMS: A Practical Global Guidebook.  2010
  13. Snooks HA., Cheung WY., Gaze SA., Halter M., Lyons RA, Phillips CJ., Russell IT., Siriwardena, N.  Falls prevention trial in 999 callers: paving the way for a definitive trial of referral by the ambulance service.  Letter published in the British Medical Journal (BMJ)
  14. Simkiss D, Snooks H, Stallard N, Davies S, Thomas M, Anthony R, Winstanley S, Wilson L, Stewart-Brown S. (2010). Measuring the impact and costs of a universal group based parenting programme: protocol and implementation of a trial.  BMC Public Health, 10:364
  15. Sen B, Woollard, M,& Desira, N. (2010). Does the introduction of a COPD pro-forma improve the standards of care delivered by junior doctors in the emergency department? COPD, 7(3):199-203
  16. Rapport F., Doel M.A., Hutchings H.A., Wright S., John D.N., Wainwright P., Jerzembek G.S. ( Eleven themes of patient-centered professionalism in community pharmacy: Innovative approaches to consulting. International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
  17. Rapport F., Doel M.A., Hutchings H.A., Jerzembek G. S., John D.N., Wainwright   P., Dobbs C., Newbury S., and Trower C.S. (2010). Through the looking glass: public and professional perspectives on patient-centred professionalism in modern-day community pharmacy. Forum: Qualitative Social Research (FQS) 11(1), Art. 7
  18. Polinder, S., Haagsma, J., Belt, E., Lyons, R. A., Erasmus, V., Lund, J., van Beck, E. (2010).  A systematic review of studies measuring health-related quality of life of general injury populations. BMC Public Health, 10:783
  19. Perkins, G. D., Woollard, M., Cooke, M. W., Deakin, C., Horton, J., Lall, R., Lamb, S. E., McCabe, C., Quinn, T., Slowther, A. & Gates, S. (2010). Prehospital Randomised Assessment of a Mechanical Compression Device In Cardiac Arrest (PaRAMeDIC) Trial Protocol. Scandavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation, & Emergency medicine, 18(1):58
  20. Mason, S. & Snooks, H. (2010). Alternative services to deliver urgent care in the community.  Emergency Medicine journal (EMJ); 27(3):183-5
  21. Lyons, R. A. (2010). Measuring quality of life after injury. Injury Prevention, 16: 145-146
  22. Lord B, Woollard, M. (2010). The reliability of vital signs in estimating pain severity among adult patients treated by paramedics. Emergency Medicine Journal.  On-line first doi:10.1136/emj.2009.079384
  23. Kinnersley P, Egbunike J, Kelly M, Hood K, Owen-Jones E, Button L, Shaw C, Porter A, Snooks H, Bowden S, Edwards A (2010). The need to improve the interface between in-hours and out-of-hours GP care, and between out-of-hours care and self-care: findings from a cross-sectional survey of users’ experience of their care.  Family Practice 2010, 10:1-9
  24. Hutchings H., Rapport F., Wright S., Doel M. and Wainwright P. (2010). Obtaining consensus regarding patient-centred professionalism in community pharmacy: nominal group work activity with professionals and members of the public. International Journal of Pharmacy Practice. 18, 149-158
  25. Hutchings H, Barnes PM, Maddocks A, Lyons R,  James-Ellison MY. Burns in young children: a retrospective matched cohort study of health and developmental outcomes. Child: care, health and development 2010; 36 (6):787–794
  26. Hawkins, K., Evans, A., Lawrence, M., Curtis, D., Davies, M., Williams, R.  (2010).  The development of rheometry for strain-sensitive gelling systems and its application in a study of fibrin–thrombin gel formation   Rheologica Acta, 49 (9): 891-900. DOI: 10.1007/s00397-010-0473-6
  27. Evans, P. A., Lawrence, M., Morris, R. H. K., Thirumalai, N., Munro, R., Wakeman, L., Beddel, A.,  Williams, P. R.,  Barrow, M., Curtis, D., Brown, M. R., Hawkins, K. (2010).  Fractal analysis of viscoelastic data with automated gel point location and its potential application in the investigation of therapeutically modified blood coagulation. Rheologica Acta, 49: 901–908 DOI 10.1007/s00397-010-0472-7
  28. Evans, P. A., Hawkins, K., Morris, R. H. K., Thirumalai, N., Munro, R., Wakeman, L., Lawrance, M. J., Williams, R. (2010).  Gel point and fractal microstructure of incipient blood clots are significant new markers of hemostasis for healthy and anticoagulated blood.  Blood, 116 (17): 3341-3346
  29. Egbunike JN, Shaw C, Porter A, Button L, Kinnersley P, Hood K, Bowden S, Bale S, Snooks H, Edwards A. (2010).  Streamline triage and manage user expectations: lessons from a qualitative study of GP out-of-hours services.  British Journal of General Practice, 60;572; 164 – 165
  30. Elwood, P. C., Morgan, G., Woollard, M. & Beswick, A. D. (2010). ‘Time is muscle’: aspirin taken during acute coronary thrombosis. British Journal of Cardiology, 17(4):185-9
  31. Christie N, Ward H, Kimberlee R, Lyons R, Towner E, Hayes M, Robertson S, Rana S, Brussoni M.  Road Traffic Injury Risk in Disadvantaged Communities: Evaluation of the Neighbourhood Road Safety Initiative. Road Safety Web Publication No. 19. London: Department for Transport, 2010
  32. Cryer C, Gulliver P, Davie G, de Graaf B, Langley J, Boufous S, Fingerhut L, Lauritsen JM, Lyons R, McPherson A, Miller T, Perez C, Petridou E, Steiner CA. Empirical validation of the New Zealand injury prevention strategy indicators: the identification of ICD diagnoses associated with a high probability of inpatient hospital admission. Dunedin: Injury Prevention Research Unit, 2010. ISBN : 0-908958-83-8.